#10 – The Acropolis of Athens

The Acropolis of Athens (Ancient Greek: Ἀκρόπολις, tr. Akrópolis; Modern Greek: Ακρόπολη Αθηνών, tr. Akrópoli Athenón [aˈkropoli aθiˈnon]) is an ancient citadel located on an extremely rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon. The word acropolis comes from the Greek words ἄκρον (akron, “highest point, extremity”) and πόλις (polis, “city”). Although there are many other acropoleis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that it is commonly known as “The Acropolis” without qualification. While there is evidence that the hill was inhabited as far back as the fourth…

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#9 – St. Basil’s Cathedral

We begin our list of the top 10 wonders of the world with St. Basil’s Cathedral, which is also known as the Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed. It is one of the more iconic Russian landmarks of all time. This Russian Orthodox cathedral is located in Moscow, Russia, and it was built in 1555, during the reign of Ivan the Terrible. It was consecrated in 1561, when construction had completed. This architectural marvel was designed by Barma and Postnik Yakovlev, and it’s meant to be shaped like a flaming bonfire…

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#8 – Petra

Petra is the name of a historical city located in modern-day Jordan. It is probably the biggest tourist attraction in all of Jordan, and many people consider it to be one of the modern wonders of the world. Petra was originally known as Raqmu by its inhabitants, the Nabataeans. The Nabatataeans were a nomadic Arab people who used Raqmu as their capital city. Petra is truly an architectural and historical marvel, largely due to its rock-cut architecture. Many of the “buildings:” that can be found in Petra are carved directly…

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#7 – Machu Picchu

Speaking of ancient ruins, Machu Picchu is arguably one of the most well-known ancient ruins of all time. This Inca citadel is located in the Cuzco Region in modern-day Peru, and it stands 7,970 feet above sea level. Although the exact original use of Machu Picchu is unknown, most historians think that it was originally meant to be an estate for Pachacuti, the Inca emperor. It is estimated that it was built in 1450, but it was abandoned by the Incas during the Spanish Conquest. The three main components of…

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#6 – Christ the Redeemer

Christ the Redeemer, known as Cristo Redentor by locals, is the famous statue of Jesus Christ located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This symbol of Christianity is largely considered the most iconic fixture in all of Rio de Janeiro, and in all of Brazil as a whole. This is a bit newer than some of the other wonders on this list, as this Art Deco statue was officially completed in 1931. This statue was a collaborate effort by many, created by Paul Landowski, a Frenchman, and built by Heitor da…

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#5 – Taj Mahal

The next item on this list of the top 10 wonders of the world is the Taj Mahal, which translates to Crown of the Palace, which is located in Uttar Pradesh, India. The Taj Mahal is certainly an iconic Indian monument, but not everyone knows that this so-called palace is actually a mausoleum. This architectural marvel was built sometime between 1632 and 1653, comissioned by Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor. He wanted the palace built to serve as a tomb for Mumtaz Mahal, who was his favorite wife. At the…

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#4 – Eiffel Tower

Speaking of tourist attractions, there may not be a tourist attraction more renowned than the Eiffel Tower, located in Paris, France. The team behind this tower include Stephen Sauvestre, Maurice Koechlin, and Emile Nouguier. It was largely financed by a contracting company owned by Gustave Eiffel, which is why it’s called the Eiffel Tower. It was originally constructed as an entrance the 1889 World’s Fair, but it has since become an icon of France as a whole. At the time of its construction, it was the tallest man-made structure in…

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#3 – Banaue Rice Terraces

The Banaue Rice Terraces (Filipino: Hagdan-hagdang Palayan ng Banawe) are 2,000-year-old terraces that were carved into the mountains of Ifugao in the Philippines by ancestors of the indigenous people. Therefore, they are regarded as the oldest rice terraces in the world. They are frequenty called the “Eighth Wonder of the World“.It is commonly thought that the terraces were built with minimal equipment, largely by hand. The terraces are located approximately 1500 metres (5000 ft) above sea level. They are fed by an ancient irrigation system from the rainforests above the terraces. It is said that if the steps were put end to end, it would…

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#2 – Great Wall of China

A lot of the wonders that I’ve mentioned thus far are pretty fanciful in nature. The Great Wall of China is a unique wonder of the world, then, because it has served a key tactical purpose in China for many years. The Great Wall is, well, a wall. It’s primarily built of stone, brick, and wood, and it spans the historic northern borders of the country. The wall has been constructed, improved, and lengthened over many years and across many dynasties. As you can imagine, it would have been impossible…

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#1 – Great Pyramid of Giza

Speaking of historically significant feats, I don’t think that any construction is more impressive than the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza. This pyramid is the last remaining survivor among the original ancient seven wonders of the world. This pyramid is the largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex, and at 481 feet, it stood as the largest man-made structure in the world for literally thousands of years. Although people today now know this pyramid as looking sort of like a giant staircase, it was originally…

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